American study: Possible perpetrators for bio-attacks could be eco-terrorists.
Two authors from the USA suggested if chemical, biological, radiological, or nuclear (CBRN) attacks happen, the eco-radicalism draws more capable adherents. Philipp Bleek from Middlebury Institute for International Studies, Monterey, California and Zachary Kallenborn from Cadmus Group, Washington DC published in May 2018 the article “Avatars of the Earth: Radical Environmentalism and Chemical, Biological, Radiological, and Nuclear (CBRN) Weapons.”
The study was prepared and received earlier in 2017 but published online in May 2018. “If serious CBRN terrorism attacks occur—a risk about which analysts differ markedly—radical environmentalist fringe actors are plausible perpetrators”, Philipp and Zachary said in the abstract of the study.
The debate on the nature of the breakout of the global pandemic COVID19 and the possibility of bio-terrorism behind Coronavirus started to be media issue last year but another article published in March 2020 by Sajad Abedi and Mohammad Amin Zabihi under the title “Coronavirus: Bioterrorism or Not, Who Is the Winner?” questioned this possibility. The two writers Abedi and Zabihi compare between two possibilities; state actors or terrorist groups, considering the probability of participation of terrorist or criminal organizations seems to be lower than state actors.
In 2003 Martin Reese expected in his book Our Final Century a global disaster by 2020 caused by bio-terror or bio-error.